Scope of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering is a diverse field of engineering which connects to electronic, civil and systems engineering. Ultimately, telecom engineers are responsible for providing high-speed data transmission services. They use a variety of equipment and transport media to design the telecom network infrastructure like twisted pair, coaxial cables, and optical fibers. Telecommunications engineers also provide solutions for wireless telephony services, radio and satellite communications. In addition to this they also provide solutions for internet and broadband technologies.
Speciality Fields of Telecommunication Engineering:
Telecom equipment engineer:
A telecom equipment engineer is an electronics engineer that designs equipment such as routers, switches and multiplexers. They also deal with other specialized computer/electronics equipment designed to be used in the telecommunication network infrastructure.
A network engineer is a computer engineer who is in charge of designing, deploying and maintaining computer networks. In addition, they oversee network operations from a network operations center. They design backbone infrastructure, or supervises interconnections in a data center.
A central-office engineer implements the design of telecommunications equipment in a central office. It is also said as a wire center or telephone exchange. A CO engineer is responsible for integrating new technology into the existing network. Furthermore, he assigns the equipment’s location in the wire center providing power, clocking (for digital equipment), and alarm monitoring facilities for the new equipment. Finally CO engineer is responsible for designing how the massive amounts of cable will be distributed to various equipment. Another work he does is wiring frames throughout the wire center and overseeing the installation and turn up of all new equipment.
Individuals working in this area design technology for enhancing the speed, reliability, and performance of systems. We can see Embedded systems in many devices from a small FM radio to the space shuttle. According to the Sloan Cornerstone Career Center, ongoing developments in embedded systems include “automated vehicles and equipment to conduct search and rescue, automated transportation systems, and human–robot coordination to repair equipment in space.”
Integrated circuits, VLSI design, testing and CAD:
This specialty of computer engineering requires adequate knowledge of electronics and electrical systems. Engineers working in this area work on enhancing the speed, reliability, and energy efficiency of next-generation (VLSI) circuits and microsystems. Working on reducing the power consumption of VLSI algorithms and architecture is the speciality of this field.
Signal, image and speech processing:
Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers in this area develop improvements in human–computer interaction, including speech recognition and synthesis, medical and scientific imaging, or communications systems. Work in this area includes computer vision development such as recognition of human facial features in addition to speech recognition.