The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public technical and research institutes located across India. It is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of EducationGovernment of India. They are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, which has declared them as Institutes of National Importance and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance. The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists twenty-three institutes. Each IIT is autonomous, linked to the others through a common council (IIT Council), which oversees their administration.

How to get into IIT ?

All students who want to know how to get into IIT must understand this in detail. Every student aspiring for admission to an IIT has to first appear for the JEE mains examination. Once qualified, he/she has to appear for the JEE Advanced Examination. Only if a student clears JEE Advanced and obtains an All India Rank (AIR), she/he can take admission into the IITs.

What is JEE Main Exam?

The Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India and Central Board of Secondary education (CBSE), New Delhi introduced the national level common entrance exam called Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) conducted for admission to various engineering colleges in India.  The major development in JEE Main is the exam will be held twice a year for admission to Undergraduate Engineering Programmes in IITs, NIT’s, IIIT’s and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions.

The Joint Entrance Exam will be conducted in two stages – JEE Main and JEE Advanced. JEE (Main) replaced the AIEEE entrance exam and JEE (Advanced) replaced the IIT-JEE entrance exam. Every year, over 25,000 Engineering and Architecture seats will be filled through the JEE Main score.

The aim of the common entrance test has been mooted to reduce stress on students, who have to appear for multiple entrance examinations and to give greater relevance to the school education, especially the class 12 board examinations.

The Joint Entrance Exam will be conducted in two stages –

  1. JEE Mains
  2. JEE Advance

JEE Mains Exam Highlights

Exam Name  Joint Entrance Examination (Main)/  JEE Main  
Administered by  National Testing Agency  
Conducting Sessions    4 times a year  
Exam Level  National Level Exam  
Exam Paper Languages Available  English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali,        Gujarati, Marathi etc.           
Mode of ApplicationOnline
Application FeeGeneral      650 [Online Payment] OBC            325 SC/ST          325  
Mode of ExamComputer Based Test (CBT)
Total Marks  300
Exam Duration  3 Hours

JEE Advance  Exam Highlights

This is  second stage of JEE. Only the top 2.24 lakh rank holders of JEE Main are eligible for JEE Advanced.

Particulars  Details  
Duration    3 hours
ModeComputer-based and pen-paper-based test  
Type of Questions    Objective Type or Multiple Choice Questions
Marking Scheme  4 marks for every correct answer, -1 for every wrong answer, and 0 for every un-attempted question  
Subjects  Paper 1: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics Paper 2: Mathematics, Aptitude Test, and Drawing             t                                                                                        Test
Total Marks  360 for Paper 1 390 for Paper 2  

JEE Main Eligibility 

Candidates who meet the eligibility criteria set by the NTA are only eligible to apply online for JEE Main. There are many eligibility criteria set by NTA.

  1. Age Limit:

There is no age limit for the candidates to appear for the JEE Main examination. However, candidates should satisfy themselves regarding the age limit while taking admission at a particular institute. 

  • Year of Appearance in Qualifying Examination (QE):

Candidates who have passed class 12 or its equivalent qualifying examination in 2017 or 2018 are only eligible. Candidates appearing for the final examinations in of class 12 are also eligible.

  • Number of subjects in the Qualifying Examination:

Candidates must have taken at least five subjects in class 12 qualifying examination in order to apply online for JEE Main 2019. The candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in qualifying examination for B.Arch.

  • Percentage of Marks:

 Candidates have to secure the minimum of 75% marks in aggregate for admission to pioneer institutes in the country such as IITs, IIITs, NITs and CFTIs. However, it is 65% for reserved categories. 

  • B.Arch Eligibility:

The paper-II is B.Arch. Candidates who are aiming for admission to this course must have passed 10+2 or its equivalent with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The diploma holders are not eligible to apply. 


The syllabus for JEE Main and JEE Advanced is given below:

Mathematics Syllabus

  • Sets, Relations & Functions,
  • Matrices & Determinants,
  • Permutations & Combinations,
  • Complex Numbers & Quadratic Equations,
  • Binomial Theorem, Mathematical Induction, Limit,
  • Sequences & Series, Differential Equations,
  • Integral Calculus, Continuity & Differentiability,
  • Three Dimensional Geometry,
  • Co-ordinate Geometry,
  • Statistics & Probability,
  • Vector Algebra,
  • Mathematical Reasoning
  • Trigonometry

Physics Syllabus

  • Laws of Motion
  • Kinematics
  • Work, Energy & Power
  • Gravitation
  • Rotational Motion
  • Physics & Measurement
  • Properties of Solids & Liquids
  • Thermodynamics
  • Electrostatics
  • Oscillations & Waves
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Currents
  • Current Electricity
  • Optics
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Dual Nature of Matter & Radiation
  • Electronic Devices
  • Atoms & Nuclei
  • Communication Systems, etc.

Chemistry Syllabus

  • Some Basic concepts in Chemistry,
  • States of Matter,
  • Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure,
  • Atomic Structure,
  • Solutions, Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry,
  • Equilibrium, Chemical Thermodynamics,
  • Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, etc.

Inorganic Chemistry:

  • General Principles & Process of Isolation of Metals,
  • Hydrogen, p – Block Elements, s – Block Element,
  • Co-ordination Compounds, d – and f – Block Elements,
  • Classification of Elements & Periodicity in Properties,
  • Environmental Chemistry, etc.

Organic Chemistry:

  • Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry,
  • Organic Compounds Containing Halogens,
  • Purification & Characterization of Organic Compounds,
  • Hydrocarbons, Polymers,
  • Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen,
  • Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen,
  • Bio Molecules,
  • Principles Related to Practical Chemistry,
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life, etc.

Steps for JEE Main registration.

Step 1: Visit the official website of NTA –

Step 2: Go to the engineering tab – JEE Main 

Step 3: A new page will be displayed –  Step 4: On the homepage, click on the link Apply JEE(Main) Step 5: Candidates will find two tabs – Fresh Candidate Registration and Registered Candidates

Step 6: Candidates are advised to register through Aadhaar number

Step 7: Fill the online application form

Step 8: Verify the mobile number and email ID

Step 9: Pay the prescribed application fee. 

Step 10: Complete the slot booking. 

Step 11: Submit the details and print the acknowledgement page.

JEE Main Application Fee

The application fee may be paid either by Credit/Debit Card/Net Banking or e-challan generated during the online filling of the application form using online payment gateway facility in State Bank of India. If a candidate submits the fee by any other mode like Money Order (MO), Demand Draft (DD), Initial Public Offering (IPO) etc. Will be rejected.

  • General     650 [Online Payment]
  • OBC           325
  • SC/ST         325

JEE Main Exam Pattern 2022

  The JEE Main is an online written examination. Each correct answer will be awarded 4 marks and 1 mark will be deducted for the wrong attempt. The examination will be held in two shifts per day (9:30 am to 12:30 pm and 2:30 pm to 5:30 pm).

JEE Mains  (Paper – 1 ) Exam pattern
SubjectsMaximum QuestionsMaximum Marks
Physics20+5 =25100
Chemistry20+5 =25100
Mathematics20+5 =25100
JEE Mains  (Paper – 2 ) Exam pattern                                       
SubjectsMaximum QuestionsMaximum Marks
Mathematics20+5 =25100
Aptitude Test50200

JEE Main Reservation

The NTA will follow strictly the Govt. Of India reservation rules belonging to certain categories are admitted to seats reserved for them based on relaxed criteria. In order to get admission to a particular institute, candidates are advised to check the percentage of reservation.

Category  Reservation (%)

  • NCL-OBC                                       27%
  • Scheduled Castes (SC)                  15 %
  • Scheduled Tribes (ST)                    7.5 %
  • Persons with Disability (PwD)       5%

JEE Main Test Practice Centres

 The National Testing Agency (NTA) has established a network of Test Practice Centres across the country to assist the aspirants in examinations. Candidates can practice and train themselves before the examination for the “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode of examinations.

JEE Main Admit Card 2022

 Candidates whose applications are successful can download the admit card from the official website. Aspirants will not be permitted to sit in the examination centre without a valid JEE Main admit card along with the identity card. Candidates need to enter their application number, password and the security pin to access the JEE Main admit card.

JEE Main Result 2022

NTA is responsible for releasing the JEE Main (I) & (II) result. The JEE Main results will be declared on the official website of NTA – Candidates can view their JEE Main scores by using their application number and date of birth or password.

JEE 2022 Preparation Tips

Candidates preparing for JEE 2022 must follow a strategic study plan to ensure good score in the exam.

  • Select right study material for the exam preparation.
  • Make a study plan with a dedicated time slot to every subject.
  • Study on regular basis.
  • Study conceptually and practice more.
  • Revise regularly the topic which you study
  • Practice numericals.

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